Horace A. Higley (1858-62)

Drawing of Horace A. Higley

Horace A. Higley was born in Pensacola, Florida in May, 1828. Higley remained on the east coast until 1849, when news of the California gold strike apparently reached him and he determined to join the western exodus.

In January, 1852, Higley joined a surveying party engaged in work for the Untied States Surveyor General's Office, and remained in that position until April, 1853, when he was elected County Surveyor of Alameda County. In 1855, Higley was re elected to that position, and in September, 1857, he was elected Surveyor General of California.

Throughout his tenure as Alameda County Surveyor, Higley was apparently also employed by the United States Surveyor General's Office in San Francisco in various capacities. He is known to have been both a Deputy Surveyor General and a Clerk in that office.

Between 1854 and 1857, several maps based upon his surveys were published and indicate Higley was both the Alameda County Surveyor and a Deputy Surveyor General for California.

Higley was extremely active in attempting to settle the question of California's external boundaries. He participated personally in the survey of the eastern boundary with Nevada, as well as that of the California Arizona boundary conducted by the United States Surveyor General's Office.

Annual Reports

1858 | 1859 | 1860 | 1861

Surveyors General

The following include a short biography, photo of, and the annual reports from each Surveyor General, documenting some of the activities and observations of the Surveyors General, and record the early geographical development of the new state.